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International Journal of Clinical Research. 2018; 2: (1) 1; DOI:10.20900/j.ijcr.20180001.

Current status of diagnosis and treatment of clinically nonfunctional pituitary adenomas
临床非功能垂体腺瘤的诊疗现状

作者: 龙樱,詹显全*

中国湖南省长沙市湘雅路 87 号中南大学湘雅医院卫生部肿瘤蛋白质组学重点实验室、结构生物学与药物设计湖南省工程实验室、抗癌药物国家地方联合工程实验室 ( 邮编 410008)

*通讯作者:詹显全,单位:中国湖南省长沙市湘雅路 87 号中南大学湘雅医院卫生部肿瘤蛋白质组学重点实验室、结构生物学与药物设计湖南省工程实验室、抗癌药物国家地方联合工程实验室 ( 邮编 410008);邮箱:yjzhan2011@gmail.com

引用本文: 龙樱,詹显全. 临床非功能垂体腺瘤的诊疗现状. 国际临床研究杂志, 2018, 2(1)
Published: 2018-09-09

摘要

垂体是人体内分泌系统的重要调控腺体,对于维持内平衡的稳态发挥关键作用。非功能性垂体腺瘤是一种无异常激素分泌的一种疾病,这一特性导致其早期诊断十分困难。随着疾病的发展往往会压迫周围神经产生明显的病征,如出现视力功能障碍、颅神经麻痹和头痛等症状才得以确诊。此时垂体已经发生功能衰减,对内分泌系统的中枢调控作用已经丧失,会对患者产生全身性的影响。本文中主要介绍目前非功能性垂体腺瘤的诊断与治疗的现状,对该类疾病的准确分类与高效治疗提供指导。

关键词: 垂体腺瘤;非功能性垂体腺瘤;诊疗状态

Abstract

Pituitary is an important regulatory gland in human endocrine system and plays a key role in maintaining homeostasis in the body. Non-functional pituitary adenoma is a disease that is free of abnormal hormone secretion, and this feature makes early diagnosis difficult. As the disease develops, it tends to compress the peripheral nerves to produce obvious symptoms, such as visual dysfunction, cranial nerve palsy and headache. At this time, the pituitary has undergone functional attenuation, and the central regulation of the endocrine system has been lost, which will have a systemic effect on the patient. This article mainly introduces the current status of diagnosis and treatment of non-functional pituitary adenomas, and provides guidance for accurate classification and efficient treatment of such diseases.

Key words: Pituitary adenoma;nonfunctional pituitary adenoma;current status of diagnosis and treatment

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