International Journal of Clinical Research. 2020; 4: (1) 6; DOI:10.26855/j.ijcr.20200006.
Objective: To analyze the occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in critical medical department, and to analyze its risk factors in detail to provide a reference for clinical work. Methods: This study selected 150 patients who received mechanical ventilation in our hospital from January 2019 to January 2020 and received mechanical ventilation. The retrospective analysis method was used to analyze the patient's case and clinical data in detail, and the status of ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients was counted, and the risk factors leading to the condition were summarized in order to provide a basis for clinical work. Results: By analyzing the risk factors of ventilator-associated pneumonia, the main risk factors including mechanical ventilation time and indwelling gastric tube were statistically significant (P <0.05). Conclusion : In order to prevent the occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia in patients, their risk factors should be clarified in the clinic and treated with the correct measures, such as assessing the possibility of patients with mechanical ventilation stopped, reducing the time of mechanical ventilation, strengthening environmental disinfection and Oral care. At the same time, related medical staff must improve their professional level, which has an important role in preventing and reducing the occurrence of ventilator-associated pneumonia.